Historically, chocolate makers have recognized three main cultivar groups of cacao beans used to make chocolate: Criollo, Forastero and Trinitario. The most prized, rare, and expensive is the Criollo group -an ancient variety that produces “fine and flavor” beans, which are the scarcest and most highly regarded for their complex flavour and aroma- the cocoa bean used by the Maya. Only 10% of chocolate is made from Criollo, which is arguably less bitter and more aromatic than any other bean.
"THE FOOD OF THE GODS"?
Our story opens in Mexico and Central America, thousands of years before the Spanish Conquest. The European invaders had to name the plants, all new to them, that they had "discovered", and then struggle to fit them into schemes of classification and into the health theory of the time. The face-off between the two worlds is nicely illustrated by the scientific name of our tree: Theobroma Cacao, given to it in 1753 by Carlvon Linné, the 18th-century Swedish scientist who invented the binomial system by which we now classify all living things. The first part of this particular binomial, the name of the genus to which cacao (the "chocolate tree") belongs, is from the Greek and means "food of the gods".
CACAO VS COCOA
It has become a convention in American English, that the plant and all its products before processing are referred to as "cacao". After processing, the seeds, whether in liquid or solid from, become "chocolate". "Cocoa," which in British English is often used to refer to what Americans call "cacao" and "chocolate," in American English refers only to the defated powder invented by the Dutchman Coenraad Van Houten in 1828.
WHAT DOES THE CACAO BEAN CONTAIN?
Over half the weight of the cured, dried nib (as the shelled and degermed bean is called) is made up of fat, although the exact proportion fluctuates according to the variety of cacao and the growing conditions. The fat that is obtained from the nibs is called "cacao butter" or "cocoa butter"; the cacao solids that are left are "cocoa."
The culinary destination of this cacao butter depends on the good, or not so good, intentions of the manufacturer. If the goal is the making of fine chocolate, it will be added to other superior-grade chocolate being processed, to further enhance its deliciousness; sometimes double the amount is added in the interests of smoothness (but true connoisseurs are more concerned with the percentage of cacao solids). If the intentions are not so benevolent, what up-scale chocolatiers refer to as "junk chocolate" will be manufactured, with only 15 percent of the product consisting of cacao solids (really fine chocolate has up to 85 percent), the remainder being sugar, milk solids, lecithin (an emulsifier), and sometimes cheaper solid vegetable fat; the valuable cacao butter is taken out and sold elsewhere.
Cacao contains antioxidant flavonoid -quercetin-, known to have not only antioxidant but also anti-inflammatory activity.
Each cacao bean contains two alkaloids: Theobromine and caffeine; serotonin, and phenylethylamine are chocolate compounds that make it a tonic, and an anti-depressive and anti-stress agent, enhancing pleasurable activities.
It has very little caffeine: in a typical fine chocolate bar with at least 50 percent "cocoa solids," and weighing 100 grams (3.5oz), there is no more of this alkaloid than in an average cup of American-style coffee. It is true that cacao butter is mostly saturated fat, but this largely consists of stearic triglycerides, which have been shown to have no effect on blood cholesterol levels; there is no direct link between chocolate consumption and the development of heart disease. Dark chocolate does not cause diabetes, dental caries, or acne, or produce headaches, as sometimes has been alleged. As for obesity among so-called "chocoholics," this would probably be the result of overindulgence in milk chocolate, which has high levels of sugar.
Theobromine, the other alkaloid in chocolate, is mood-enhancing, and is a known stimulant, vasolidater, and diuretic. While is easily metabolized by humans, it is poisonous to (and even lethal to) dogs and cats. Care should be taken that they do not have access to dark chocolate in any form.
MAYANA Hot Cacao Elixirs are crafted with the highest quality botanical ingredients available, through fair trade and organic sources exclusively.
While much research is still being conducted, some of the possible Health Benefits of our Cacao and other ingredients may include:
Cacao – Natural mood elevator and anti-depressant, the most potent antioxidant; highest plant-based source of iron -increases awareness-; rich in Flavonoids -aids in lowering high blood pressure and improving the elasticity of blood vessels-; may be beneficial for reducing the risk of stroke; full of magnesium for a healthy heart and brain; beneficial in lowering bad cholesterol and increasing good cholesterol levels; improves digestion and treats constipation; contains Theophylline, which aids in providing relief from bronchial asthma; traditionally used as a natural aphrodisiac; effective in maintaining good skin health.
Coffee – Improves brain function; aids fat burning; have protective effects on the liver; rich source of antioxidants.
Maca – Adaptogenic and tonic; good source of carbs, protein and fiber; it is also high in some essential vitamins and minerals. Maca balances the hormones and increase fertility, promotes sexual function; it boost physical and mental energy.
Lucuma – Naturally sweet and it is source of antioxidants, beta carotene, iron, zinc, vitamin B3, calcium, and protein.
Vanilla – Powerful antioxidant, antibacterial, reduces inflammation in the body, improves mental health and lowers cholesterol.
Cayenne pepper – Stimulates circulation and eliminates acidity; it restores the circulatory system by opening the capillaries and regulating blood sugar; it also helps the digestive system that moves bacteria and toxins out of the body.
Cinnamon – Lowers blood sugar levels and reduces heart disease risk factors.
Coconut sugar – Source of vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients that help reduce blood sugar, inflammation and cholesterol; it is Paleo-approved; it contains Inulin that has the ability to stimulate the growth of intestinal bifidobacterial, which boost to the immune system.
Himalayan salt – Detoxifies the body by balancing systemic pH, reduces muscle cramps by improving minerals and hydration; it helps balance blood sugar.
5 MEDICINAL MUSHROOMS blend: Those increase Immune Function, improve Mental Health and overall Well-Being.
Reishi - Reduces cholesterol synthesis in the liver; helps Defend Against Tumor Growth and Cancer; fights Allergies and Asthma; helps Balance Hormones and Fight Diabetes.
Chaga – Contain a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients; slows the aging process; prevents and fighting cancer; lowers blood sugar.
Cordyceps –Improve Liver Function and Detoxification; have Anti-Aging Effects; fights Respiratory Infections and Diabetes.
Lion´s Mane –Enhances Brain Function, acts as a Powerful Antioxidant, supports Heart and Circulatory System Health.
Turkey Tail -Prevents and treats the Common Cold and Flu; provides support during chemotherapy; helps treat Human Papilloma Virus; lowers cholesterol; improves digestion.